24 Best Types of Goldfish for Aquarium

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Types of Goldfish

 

 

While there are hundreds of different types of Goldfish across the globe, here, we have put together 24 of the most popular types for you to choose

Goldfish are the most popular pet fish choices, and they come in a variety of colors, patterns, shapes, and sizes. These do well both in-home aquariums as well as ponds or other water bodies outdoors.

Goldfish differ based on their fin size and shape, body shape, the shape of the eyes, shape and size of their tails, colors, etc. Some are more suitable for aquariums rather than ponds due to their sensitivity to changing weather conditions.

Goldfish types can be broadly categorized as Common Goldfish, Fancy Goldfish, and Rare Breeds Goldfish.

Slender shaped Goldfish or common goldfish are incredibly sturdy and ideal for beginners in the field.

The Fancy Goldfish, however, need to have a higher level of care and maintenance. As the name suggests, the Goldfish fancy types have unique physical traits that make them stand out from the rest.

Another way to differentiate the goldfish types is based on their tails – Single-tailed and Double-tailed Goldfish.

The single-tailed ones are large, and they are active swimmers. These are ideal for ponds and outdoor water bodies.

Best examples of single-tailed goldfish are Comet Goldfish, Shubunkin Goldfish, Rainbow Goldfish, the Orange, Blue, Calico, and Black Goldfish.

Most of the Fancy Goldfish falls under the Double-tailed goldfish category. The most popular among them are the Fantail Goldfish, Ryukin Goldfish, Oranda Goldfish, Lionhead Goldfish, Bubble Eye, Telescope Eye, Butterfly Tail lots more.

An interesting fact about the Goldfish is that they can change color depending on their exposure to light. Goldfish are born brown but grow into the well known orange hue with age. However, if they do not get adequate sunlight, they can turn completely white.

So, whichever type of Goldfish you choose, keep in mind that the tank set up specifications and maintenance.

 

1. The Comet Goldfish

 

The Comet Goldfish is one of the most popular goldfish types with a lean body with a distinctive widespread tail with sharp tips. The comet goldfish likes space as it is highly active; hence keepers need to be careful not to crowd the tank with too many ornaments. These might injure the tails of the comet as they swim.

Comet goldfish come in orange, red, white, yellow, or white with orange coloration. Comets can grow to the size of the common Goldfish, and therefore, the tank in which they are kept has to be of the appropriate size. Fifty gallons to 75 gallons capacity tank would be ideal for your comet goldfish to thrive.

Another vital thing to keep in mind is that this variety of Goldfish prefers cold water so remember not to keep the tank near any direct heat source. The water’s ideal temperature should be between 50°F to 75°F with pH levels ranging between 6.5 to 7.5.

Comet goldfish do not make very good tankmates, so keep similar sized fish in your tanks, such as the Shubunkin or the Jikin goldfish.

 

Common Name Comet Goldfish
Scientific Name Carassius auratus
Family Cyprinidae
Average Size 10 to 12 inches at maturity
Average Lifespan Can live up to 14 years of age in ideal conditions
Behaviour Fast Swimmers
Habitat Cold water aquariums/ ponds
Minimum Tank Capacity 50 Gallons
Feeding Habits Omnivorous
Tank mates Other similar sized goldfish
Ideal Water temperature 50°F to 75°F
pH level 6.5 to 7.5

 

2. Shubunkin Goldfish

 

The Shubunkin Goldfish has long flowing fins and blue color patches, adding a colorful flair to your tank. These fish are sturdy and can easily tolerate the cold months even without a heater, making them beautiful types of Goldfish for ponds or fish tanks.

The Shubunkin goldfish come in three different types – the Japanese, the Bristol, and the London types. However, all these types have similar body shapes with several color variations ranging between black, blue, white, orange, or red.

These breeds are quite active, so they need a spacious tank to swim about and explore. If you intend to keep the Shubunkins in your ponds, then do add some form of shade as they do fade out with too much exposure to direct sunlight.

Shubunkins are omnivorous so that they will enjoy a good variety of plant-based and meaty food items. You can feed them a mix of fresh, frozen, or pellets twice a day.

These Goldfish types are excellent community fish and will make a great addition to your tank of fast-moving Goldfish.

 

Common Name Shubunkin Goldfish/ Calico Goldfish
Scientific Name Carassius auratus
Family Cyprinidae Family
Average Size 10 to 12 inches at maturity
Average Lifespan 10 to 15 years
Behaviour Fast Swimmers
Habitat Cold water aquariums/ ponds
Minimum Tank Capacity 10 to 15 gallons for each adult
Feeding Habits Omnivorous
Tank mates Other similar sized goldfish. Avoid slow moving goldfish for tankmates
Ideal Water temperature 65°F to 75°F
pH level 6 to 8

 

 

3. Telescope Eye Goldfish

 

The Telescope Eye Goldfish is one of the most popular variety fancy goldfish, and they have a rounded, egg-shaped body with caudal fins and flowing broad tail. They come in various colors such as red, blue, chocolate brown, calico, bi-colour, red and white, or black and white.
These Goldfish can be kept in any environment that is aesthetically pleasing to you. Just make sure that the water conditions are ideal for its healthy growth. These are cold-water fish and can survive the winter months even if you keep them in your pond.
Long tanks are ideal for these types of Goldfish as these fish enjoy the extended surface area and keep the fish well oxygenated. These Goldfish need plenty of space as this will ensure their healthy growth.
As far as diet goes, the Telescope Eye Goldfish are omnivorous, and they should have the right mix of plant-based food and meaty ones.

 

Common Name Telescope Eye Goldfish
Scientific Name Carassius auratus
Family Cyprinidae
Average Size 6 to 8 inches at maturity. May get larger when kept in healthy conditions.
Average Lifespan 10 to 15 years of age in ideal conditions
Behaviour Slow Swimmers
Habitat Cold water aquariums/ ponds
Minimum Tank Capacity Minimum 20 to 30 gallons
Feeding Habits Omnivorous
Tank mates Other similar sized goldfish
Ideal Water temperature 65°F to 72°F
pH level 6.0 to 8.0

 

4. Black Moor Goldfish

 

The Black Moor Goldfish is a fancy goldfish that falls in the category of the Telescope Goldfish. They are one of the most distinctive fancy Goldfish, and they are the perfect examples of aquarium goldfish types.

As their name suggests, these Goldfish are predominantly black, but some varieties may have orange patches on their body. The younger ones are pale, but they get darker as they grow and mature.

The most attractive features of these varieties are their beautiful fins and unique bulging eyes.

If you are a beginner aquarist, then these beautiful goldfish varieties are ideal for you as they are easy to keep if you maintain a clean tank. The Black Moor also makes great tank mates with similar slow-moving Goldfish.

 

Common Name Black Moor Goldfish
Scientific Name Carassius auratus
Family Cyprinidae
Average Size 6 to 8 inches at maturity. May get larger when kept in healthy conditions.
Average Lifespan Can live up to 14 years of age in ideal conditions
Behaviour Fast Swimmers
Habitat Cold water aquariums/ ponds
Minimum Tank Capacity 50 Gallons
Feeding Habits Omnivorous
Tank mates Other similar sized goldfish
Ideal Water temperature 50°F to 75°F
pH level 6.5 to 7.5

 

5. Pearlscale Goldfish

 

The Pearlscale Goldfish is a popular variety falling in the fancy goldfish category. It has a unique body shape with nacreous scales.

Its most distinctive feature is its deep round belly, which gets rounder with maturity.
The Pearlscale Goldfish have beautiful flowy fins with tail fins that split to create a forked look to match their vibrant colour.

The Pearlscale Goldfish are hardy and quickly adapt to any environment. These fish thrive in cooler water and are ideal for both home aquariums or ponds.

Although these Goldfish are not fast swimmers, they still need ample space. Ideally, a tank with 20 gallons capacity is perfect for a Pearlscale Goldfish.

As far as diet goes, the Pearlscale Goldfish are omnivorous and enjoy pellets and dry food that are a healthy mix of vegetarian and meaty based. Live food or freeze-dried food can be given as snacks occasionally.

Although these are slow-moving, they are still quite active and love to spend their day swimming in the tank.

 

Common Name Pearlscale Goldfish
Scientific Name Carassius Auratus
Family Cyprinidae
Average Size 6 to 8 inches at maturity. In some rare cases it may go up to 10 inches.
Average Lifespan 5 to 10 years
Behaviour Slow swimmers
Habitat Slow moving cool water filled with a wide range of live plants
Minimum Tank Capacity 20 to 30 gallons
Feeding Habits Omnivorous
Tank mates Similar slow moving goldfish such as Bubble Eye Goldfish, Lionhead Goldfish,etc.
Ideal Water Temperature 65°F to 80°F
pH Level 6.5 to 7.5

 

6. Bubble Eye Goldfish

 

The Bubble Eye Goldfish is one of the most fascinating and exciting types of Goldfish. This variety of Goldfish has several distinctive features, including its unique upturned bulging eyes and missing dorsal fins.

The Bubble Eye Goldfish are slow swimmers and have very poor eyesight. For this reason, you will need to choose your tank accessories very carefully. The bubble eyes may get injured or burst if they get trapped in any accessories or the water filter.

An important thing to remember is that these Goldfish types have a very low tolerance for pollution; hence you will need to keep a good quality biological filter system.

The Bubble Eye Goldfish are omnivorous fish and will feed on anything. You can feed them pellets, flakes, fresh or frozen foods, both plant-based and meat products.

 

Common Name Bubble Eye Goldfish
Scientific Name Carassius Auratus
Family Cyprinidae
Average Size Upto 5 inches at maturity
Average Lifespan 15 to 20 years when fed correctly and well maintained.
Behaviour Slow swimmers with poor vision these goldfish need a lot of space to avoid any kind of injury to their eyes
Habitat The Bubble Eye Goldfish need plenty of oxygen and they need a large surface area. A long tank is recommended.
Minimum Tank Capacity 20 to 30 gallons capacity
Feeding Habits Plant based food, meaty foods, algae, frozen and fresh food
Tank mates Similar slow swimmers like Black Moors, Lionhead Goldfish, Telescope Goldfish

7. Celestial Eye Goldfish

 
The Celestial Eye Goldfish is the most unusual of all types of Goldfish with its distinctive upward gazing eyes. They come in a variety of colors, including orange, black, and calico. They have an egg-shaped body and no dorsal fins.

These kinds of Goldfish need special care, and they should be kept in a tank that does not have too many accessories that may injure their delicate eyes.

Due to their eyes positioning and the lack of dorsal fins, the Celestial Eye Goldfish swims peculiarly. They push their head downwards to see ahead while swimming.

These are freshwater Goldfish and are ideal for indoor fish tanks with excellent quality water. They are social in temperament and will do well with similar slow swimming goldfish varieties such as Telescope Eye Goldfish, Bubble Eye Goldfish, etc.

Follow a good mix of plant-based and non-vegetarian food for your Celestial Eye Goldfish. Feed them a healthy combination of pellets, flakes, frozen, live food, and vegetables and fruits.

 

Common Name Celestial Eye Goldfish
Scientific Name Carassius Auratus
Family Cyprinidae
Average Size 6 to 8 inches at maturity
Average Lifespan 10 to 15 years in well maintained environments
Behaviour Slow swimmers, social temperament
Habitat Fresh water tanks with an excellent filtration system
Minimum Tank Capacity 15 to 20 gallons for adults
Feeding Habits Omnivorous, pellets, flakes, live food, vegetables and fruits
Tank mates Similar slow swimmers like Bubble Eye Goldfish, Telescope Eye Goldfish
Ideal Water Temperature 65°F – 78°F
pH Level Between 6.0 to 6.0

 

8. Lionhead Goldfish

 

The Lionhead Goldfish is quite a popular type of Goldfish amongst avid aquarists around the world. The fleshy growth around its head, which resembles a mane, is known as a wen. The wen is its most distinctive feature and attributes to its popularity.

Another distinctive feature of the Lionhead Goldfish is its lack of dorsal fins, but they have double caudal and anal fins.

These types of Goldfish come in various hues such as orange, red, blue, black, calico, or tri-colored.

These Goldfish are freshwater fish and thrive well in a primary tank set up with minimal accessories. You can use smooth pebbles and sand as aquascaping options.

Horizontally spaced tanks are most suitable for these types of Goldfish as their eyes can navigate more expansive spaces far more quickly than taller areas. They thrive in individual setups or when kept with members of their species.

Although the Lionhead Goldfish will eat almost any time of the day, and you should ideally feed them twice a day. You can pick a healthy mix of plant-based food, vegetables, pellets, flakes, and meaty foods to feed them.

 

Common Name Lionhead Goldfish
Scientific Name Carassius Auratus
Family Cyprinidae
Average Size 5 to 8 inches at maturity
Average Lifespan 15 to 20 years in well maintained conditions
Behaviour Peaceful temperament, fairly slow moving
Habitat Basic tank set up with no abrasive or rough decor
Minimum Tank Capacity 15 to 20 gallons for adults
Feeding Habits Omnivorous
Tank mates Bubble Eye, Celestial, Telescope goldfish
Ideal Water Temperature 65°F  – 72°F
pH Level 6.0 to 8.0

 

9. Fantail Goldfish

 

If you are a beginner aquarist and looking out for a fancy goldfish variety, then the beautiful Fantail Goldfish is one of the best types for you.

The Fantail Goldfish have the classic egg-shaped body with the distinctive long double tails from which its name is derived. The Fantail comes in red, orange, and yellow hues. Rare varieties in black, calico, and white with patchy designs are also available.

The Fantail has a delicate digestive system, which means you will need to give them high-quality food, including live and frozen food, green vegetables, and fruits.

Although Fantails likes company, they cannot be kept together with aggressive Goldfish or fin-nippers. The ideal companion for these peaceful and social varieties of Goldfish are their species.

 

Common Name Fantail Goldfish
Scientific Name Carassius Auratus
Family Cyprinidae
Average Size 6 to 8 inches at maturity
Average Lifespan 10 to 12 years in ideal conditions
Behaviour Peaceful, friendly and like to be with their own kind
Habitat Cold water set up
Minimum Tank Capacity Minimum 20 Gallons for adults
Feeding Habits Live and frozen food are the best choices for the Fantail Goldfish
Tank mates Their own kind or different varieties of shoal fish
Ideal Water Temperature 60°F to 75°F
pH Level 6.0 to 8.0

 

 

10 Ryukin Goldfish

 

The Ryukin Goldfish are quite similar to the Fantail Goldfish but with a taller body and a significant shoulder hump that is behind its head. They have a pointed head with long tails, which can sometimes be twice their bodies’ size.

The Ryukin Goldfish have unique tails that are four-lobed, which creates a stunning appearance that attributes to their popularity in the Fancy Goldfish category. They come in various colors such as red, orange, white, chocolate brown, calico, and tri-colored specimens.

These Goldfish types thrive in cold water, and they need well-oxygenated water, which can be done using a good quality air bladder.

Diet-wise you can feed your Ryukin high-quality flakes and pellets as their primary source of nutrition. You can also add live or frozen food occasionally to their diet.

Ryukin Goldfish are active and reasonably aggressive, but they do thrive in groups. They do well with their kind, or you can also add other dual-fin fish varieties.

 

Common Name Ryukin Goldfish
Scientific Name Carassius Auratus
Family Cyprinidae
Average Size 6 to 8 inches at maturity
Average Lifespan 10 to 15 years
Behaviour Semi-aggressive, active and vigorous
Habitat Coldwater
Minimum Tank Capacity 10 Gallons for a single Goldfish. 20 to 30 gallons for a sizeable group
Feeding Habits Omnivorous. Good quality pellets or flakes as the main source.
Tank mates Similar sized but non-aggressive varieties such as Black Moor, Fantail,  Oranda, etc.
Ideal Water Temperature 64°F to 72°F
pH Level 6.0 to 8.0

 

11. Oranda Goldfish

 

The Oranda Goldfish types are one of the most popular types of Goldfish amongst aquarists around the world. They come in a wide range of vibrant colors: black, red, blue, red with orange spots, black with white dots, and lots more.

Orandas have a distinctive feature known as ‘wen,’ which is a cap-like outgrowth on their head. The Oranda Goldfish are available in different variations, and some of the most popular types include the Black Oranda, Red Cap Oranda, and the Blue Oranda.

The Oranda Goldfish is very sensitive to water changes, and you will need to keep the water temperature between 68°F to 71.5°F and the pH levels between 5.0 and 8.0.

These Goldfish are omnivorous and would eat almost anything that they can find. The best diet for Oranda Goldfish includes dry and live feeds along with fresh vegetables such as spinach or salads.

 

Common Name Oranda Goldfish
Scientific Name Carassius Auratus
Family Cyprinidae
Average Size 7 to 9 inches at maturity
Average Lifespan 15 years on average
Behaviour Peaceful
Habitat Freshwater set up with a few plants and rounded gravel
Minimum Tank Capacity 20 gallons for each adult Oranda Goldfish
Feeding Habits Omnivorous. Dry or live food including vegetables.
Tank mates Group or Orandas or similar sized goldfish.
Ideal Water Temperature 68°F to 71.5°F
pH Level 5.0 to 8.0
Water Changes They need a 25% weekly water changes

 

12. Veiltail Goldfish

 

The Veiltail Goldfish is one of the rarest and most beautiful fancy Goldfish in its category. It has a compact and well-rounded body with a deep belly and an arched back.

It is famous for its gracefully long trailing tail and fins. The tail of the Veiltail should be twice the length of its body at maturity. It is one of the most attractive aquarium goldfish types ideal for indoor settings.

Veiltails are cold water goldfish, and they require special attention to their fins as they are prone to tearing or being nibbled by tankmates.

The best way to care for them is by maintaining the water quality, giving them a well-balanced diet, and choosing the decorations in the tank, keeping in mind the safety of your Veiltail.

The Veiltails are easy-going and relaxed breeds, and other Goldfish that are equally docile and easy-going will make good tankmates.

Common Name Veiltail Goldfish
Scientific Name Carassius Auratus
Family Cyprinidae
Average Size 6 to 8 inches at maturity
Average Lifespan 10 to 15 years
Behaviour Docile and easy going. Slow swimmers
Habitat Well maintained tanks and aquariums. Not ideal for ponds
Minimum Tank Capacity 10 to 20 gallon for each adult Veiltail
Feeding Habits Goldfish pellets, fresh food and a good mix of vegetables
Tank mates Slow moving and docile fancy goldfish breeds like the Celestial Goldfish or Bubble Eye Goldfish
Ideal Water Temperature 70°F to 80°F
pH Level 6.0 to 8.0
Water Change 25% weekly water changes

 

13. Nymph Goldfish

 

The Nymph Goldfish is a particular category of goldfish types bred using the Fantail and a Comet. These goldfish types have single anal fins, highly placed dorsal fins, and graceful pectoral and pelvic fins.

Although the Nymph Goldfish was bred using the Fantail or Veiltail, it differs significantly in swimming from the parent goldfish.

While the Fantail and Veiltail are slow swimmers, the Nymph Goldfish is a faster-swimming type and far more versatile.

They are easily one of the best types of Goldfish for ponds in their category due to their hardiness and ability to swim on all levels.

Like all other Goldfish, the Nymphs are also omnivores, and you can choose from a variety of pellets, flakes, live or frozen foods to feed them.

Common Name Nymph Goldfish
Scientific Name Carassius Auratus
Family Cyprinidae
Average Size 10 to 12 inches at maturity
Average Lifespan 10 to 15 years in ideal conditions
Behaviour Fast swimmers, active, friendly and social
Habitat Ponds, aquariums, cold water
Minimum Tank Capacity 20 gallons for adults
Feeding Habits Commercial goldfish pellets, flakes, live or frozen food
Tank mates Other single tail goldfish, koi and their own types
Ideal Water Temperature 60°F to 80 °F
pH Level 6.0 to 8.0

 

14. Butterfly Tail Goldfish

 

The Butterfly Tail Goldfish is getting to be one of the most sought after fancy goldfish types. Its sleek rounded body, magnificent tail, and fins that spread out like the wings of a butterfly are its most unique features.

The Butterfly Tail goldfish are commonly found in red, calico, or red and white. However, now you can also find them in unusual patterns and colors such as blue, lavender, panda, and tricolour.

These magnificent Goldfish are slow swimmers hence ideal for home aquariums but not ponds or outdoor water bodies. They prefer warm water conditions, and the cold winters can get tricky for them.

A 10 to 20 gallons per adult goldfish would be just the right size for these types of Goldfish.

The Butterfly Tail goldfish are social and do best with their kind, but you can add similar slow swimmers to your tank to keep them company. Ideal tank mates include Veiltails, Bubble Eye, or Celestials.

Common Name Butterfly Tail Goldfish
Scientific Name Carassius Auratus
Family Cyprinidae
Average Size 6 to 7 inches at maturity
Average Lifespan 7 to 9 years in well maintained conditions
Behaviour Slow swimmers, peaceful and social
Habitat Warm temperatures. Home aquariums
Minimum Tank Capacity 10 to 20 gallons per adult
Feeding Habits Good quality commercial food with a healthy mix of fibrous vegetables
Tank mates Similar sized slow swimmers such as Veiltails, Lionheads, Ranchu or their own kind.
Ideal Water Temperature 70°F to 80°F

 

15. Wakin Goldfish

 

The Wakin Goldfish is one of the most beautiful types of Goldfish with its slender body and exquisite butterfly-like double tail. They are energetic, fast swimmers, sturdy, and come in bright red colors with a metallic sheen.

The most popular colors found are red and red, and white, but now calico, orange, yellow and chocolate colors are also available.

The Wakin Goldfish is one of the best fancy goldfish types that can be kept in a pond. They look fantastic swimming about in the ponds. They do not hibernate even in winters and can often be seen swimming in the water under the ice.

Do remember to make holes in the ice so that there is a proper circulation of oxygen.

The Wakin is a fast-swimming fish and enjoys the company of their kind or can be teamed up with similar fast swimming but friendly goldfish varieties like the Comets, Shubunkins, or Koi.

Common Name Wakin Goldfish
Scientific Name Carassius Auratus
Family Cyprinidae
Average Size 8 to 10 inches at maturity
Average Lifespan 10 to 12 years in well maintained conditions
Behaviour Fast swimmers, peaceful and social
Habitat Cold water. Ideal for ponds
Minimum Tank Capacity 30 gallons minimum for adults
Feeding Habits Premium pellet food for adults with a mix of vegetables occasionally.
Tank mates Koi, Shubunkin and Comet goldfish are ideal tank mates
Ideal Water Temperature 68°F to 7°F
pH Level 6.0 to 7.0
Water Changes 25% to 30% weekly

 

16. Ranchu Goldfish

 

The Ranchu Goldfish is one of the most senior Goldfish fancy types created and is highly prized by the Japanese. These exquisite fancy goldfish types lack dorsal fins, have metallic scales, and come in various colors.

They are ideal for your home tank but not for ponds, as temperature changes can put them in shock.

In Asia, Ranchu Goldfish are bred for competitive shows and are known as the “King of the Goldfish” in Japan.

The Ranchu will thrive in a spacious tank with well regulated warm water. These Goldfish types have a low tolerance for pollution so that you will need a sound filtration system.

A healthy diet is another essential part of having Ranchu Goldfish as your pet. They should be given a healthy mix of flakes, frozen and fresh or live food.

 

Common Name Ranchu Goldfish
Scientific Name Carassius Auratus
Family Cyprinidae
Average Size 5 to 8 inches at maturity
Average Lifespan 10 to 15 years
Behaviour Slow moving, friendly and social
Habitat Warm and spacious tank with good filtration system
Minimum Tank Capacity 20 to 30 gallon for adults
Feeding Habits Omnivorous, flakes,pellets, frozen or fresh food
Tank mates Similarly sized and slow swimming varieties such as Pearlscale, Lionhead, Telescope Eye or the Bubble Eye Goldfish.
Ideal Water Temperature 65°F to 72°F
pH Level 6.0 to 8.0
Water Change Frequency 25% to 30% weekly

 

 

17. Tosakin Goldfish

 

The Tosakin Goldfish has a fascinating history and was declared National Treasure by the Japanese Government back in the late 1940s. The Tosakin is also widely known by several other names such as the Peacock Tail, Curly Tailor the Queen of the Goldfish.

The Tosakin looks impressive when viewed from above, and they have a full dorsal fin, and it is the only known Goldfish with an undivided twin tail. They are best kept in shallow and long tanks with minimum aquascaping.

Traditionally they are available in orange or orange and white colors. But with several breeding activities now, they are also available in calico, black and yellow. They are also the most attractive, falling in the smallest goldfish types category.

These small goldfish types thrive with their kind only as they are poor swimmers and cannot compete for food with other kids.

The best food for the Tosakins is good quality commercial floating pellets with an occasional mix of frozen or fresh food.

Common Name Tosakin Goldfish
Scientific Name Carassius Auratus
Family Cyprinidae
Average Size 5 to 8 inches at maturity
Average Lifespan 10 to 15 years
Behaviour Slow moving, peaceful and prefer their own kind
Habitat Shallow tanks about 10 inches deep
Minimum Tank Capacity 20 gallons for adults
Feeding Habits Commercial goldfish floating pellets
Tank mates Compatible only with their own kind
Ideal Water Temperature 65°F to 78°F
pH Level 7.0 to 8.5
Water changes 30% on a weekly basis

 

 

18. Panda Moor Goldfish

 

The Panda Moor Goldfish belongs to the Moor Goldfish family, and they have all the differentiating features of this group, such as protruding eyes, twin-tails, and similar body shape.

The Panda Moor comes only in the black and white pattern that gives it its name. Although they are considered a hardy breed of Goldfish, the Panda Moor, just like their cousins, prefers aquariums to ponds.

They have large protruding eyes but very poor eyesight. The Panda Moor has beautiful flowing tail fins and large dorsal and pectoral fins. They can grow up to 8 inches if kept in favourable conditions combined with a healthy diet.

A tank with a sound filtration system is ideal for the Panda Moor. The floor can have a mix of sand, gravel, and smooth pebbles. Can also add Ocean Free-floating plants for aquascaping.

The Panda Moor can be given both meat and plant-based foods and good quality goldfish pellets for food.

 

Common Name Panda Moor Goldfish
Scientific Name Carassius Auratus
Family Cyprinidae
Average Size 4 to 8 inches
Average Lifespan 10 to 15 years
Behaviour Slow swimmers, fragile and peaceful
Habitat Fresh water with a good filtration system
Minimum Tank Capacity 20 gallon for adults
Feeding Habits Omnivorous
Tank mates Other similar kinds of fancy goldfish such as the Orandas or their own kind
Ideal Water Temperature 50 °F to 75°F
pH Level 6.5 to 7.5

 

19. Pompon or Pompom Goldfish

 

Pompons or conveniently called Pompoms Goldfish, are a unique variety of the fancy goldfish category with a sleek body similar to a Lionhead. They have a smooth curved back, twin tail fins, a double anal fin, and no dorsal fins.

However, there is one variety that has a dorsal fin, and it is called a Hanafusa.
The Pompoms are available in color variations such as orange, silver, white, black, blue, and yellow. They are slow swimmers and farewell with similar goldfish varieties such as the Fantail, Black Moor, Oranda, or the Ranchu.

These Goldfish types will thrive in a well-maintained tank, but they are not meant for ponds or other outdoor water bodies. The nasal outgrowth is sensitive and may be damaged if rubbed against a sharp or pointed surface. So you will need to choose your decorations for the tank accordingly.

 

Common Name Pompom or Pompon Goldfish
Scientific Name Carassius Auratus
Family Cyprinidae
Average Size 4 to 6 inches at maturity
Average Lifespan 8 to 10 years
Behaviour Slow moving and peaceful
Habitat Well maintained tanks with carefully chosen ornaments to prevent injury to the nasal outgrowths
Minimum Tank Capacity 20 to 30 gallons for adults
Feeding Habits Meat and plant based diets with a mix of commercial goldfish pellets and flakes
Tank mates Similar slow moving goldfish such as the Orandas, Fantails, Ranchu, etc.
Ideal Water Temperature 65°F to 75°F
pH Level 6.0 to 7.0
Water changes 20 to 35 % weekly

 

20. Izumo Nankin

 

The Izumo Nankin belong to the Fancy Goldfish category, and they are a rare breed native to Japan.

The Izumo Nankin has an incredible fan following in its native country, and there are several renowned clubs specially dedicated to this particular type of Goldfish.

Its distinct features include a small head, a triangle-like body, no dorsal fins, a twin tail, and narrow eyes. Keen aquarists favor the white and red-coloured Izumo Nankin. They also come in red.

Their diet is omnivorous and similar to other types of Goldfish.

Due to their constitution, the Izumo Nankin is currently available only in their native country, and they fall under the rarest types of Goldfish in the world.

 

Common Name Izumo Nankin Goldfish
Scientific Name Carassius Auratus
Family Cyprinidae
Average Size Small
Average Lifespan 8 to 10 years in well maintain conditions
Behaviour Fragile and slow swimmers
Habitat Shallow tanks as these are best viewed from the top
Minimum Tank Capacity 20 to 30 gallons for adults
Feeding Habits Plant and meat based, goldfish pellets
Tank mates Comfortable with their own kind
Ideal Water Temperature 65°F to 72°F
pH Level 6.0 to 8.0

 

21. Tamasaba Goldfish

 

The Tamasaba Goldfish is one of the rarest ornamental Goldfish, mostly found in Japan’s native country. It has a round, egg-shaped body similar to a Ryukin Goldfish. It has an arched back and a long single tail that is rounded at the edges.

These beautiful red and white Goldfish are large, sturdy, and the best types of Goldfish for ponds and indoor aquariums.

The Tamasaba Goldfish are omnivorous and enjoy a healthy mix of plant and meat-based food. You can feed them live or frozen food along with commercial goldfish pellets or flakes.

These are ornamental fish and prefer the company of their species. However, as tank mates, you can also add koi fish with your Tamasaba Goldfish.

 

Common Name Tamasaba Goldfish
Scientific Name Carassius Auratus
Family Cyprinidae
Average Size 7 to 8 inches at maturity
Average Lifespan 8 to 10 years
Behaviour Friendly and social
Habitat Fresh water, cold
Minimum Tank Capacity 20 gallons for adults
Feeding Habits Live or frozen food, goldfish pellets or flakes
Tank mates They prefer the company of their own kind or koi fish.
Ideal Water Temperature 60°F to 80° F
pH Level 6.0 to 7.0

 

22. Lionchu Goldfish

 

Lionchu Goldfish is a cross between the Lionhead and the Ranchu Goldfish. It has the sleek body of the Ranchu and the wen of the Lionhead as its most distinctive feature. However, the Lionchu does not have any dorsal fins.

These are a hybrid variety of Goldfish and prefer warm temperatures; hence it is advisable to use a water heater for their tanks. Water temperature should range between 60°F to 80° F.

For these types of Goldfish, you will need to include good quality goldfish pellets that float as they are not good swimmers. The Lionchu goldfish also loves vegetables and fruits, so do remember to add them to their diets.

 

Common Name Lionchu Goldfish
Scientific Name Carassius Auratus
Family Cyprinidae
Average Size 6 to 8 inches at maturity
Average Lifespan 10 to 15 years
Behaviour Slow swimmers, friendly, non-aggressive
Habitat Freshwater, aquarium or tank set up
Minimum Tank Capacity 15 to 20 gallons for adults
Feeding Habits Commercial goldfish floating pellets, live or frozen food, vegetables and fruits
Tank mates Similar slow moving goldfish like the Ranchu, Celestial or the Bubble Eye Goldfish
Ideal Water Temperature 65°F to 78°F
pH Level 6.0 to 7.0

 

23. Watonai Goldfish

 

The Watonai Goldfish belongs to the same category as the Wakin Goldfish and have very similar traits and characteristics. They are the fanciest Goldfish in their class, and they are most sought after for their long and flowing double tail.

They are a sturdy sort of Goldfish and will thrive if you keep them in ponds. They have a strong constitution and require access to intermediate care.

They come in reds, red and white, which are the most sought after colors. You can find calico and orange or yellow types as well.

They can grow up to 10 to 12 inches at maturity, and those who are kept in ponds may grow even bigger.

As far as diet goes, the Watonai is similar to other fancy Goldfish, and they thrive on high-quality Goldfish pellets or flakes. For best results, it is advisable to feed them once a day.

 

Common Name Watonai Goldfish
Scientific Name Carassius Auratus
Family Cyprinidae
Average Size 10 to 12 inches at maturity
Average Lifespan 15 years
Behaviour Social, active, peaceful and fairly slow swimmers
Habitat Ponds or tanks with sand or smooth pebble substrate
Minimum Tank Capacity 30 gallons for adults
Feeding Habits Omnivorous. Goldfish pellets, flakes, live or frozen food
Tank mates Fancy goldfish with similar traits or koi
Ideal Water Temperature 60°F to 78°F
pH Level 6.0 to 8.0

 

 

24. Jikin or Peacock Goldfish

 

The Jikin is a rare goldfish from Japan with unique colour morphs. They are perfect pond goldfish and thrive in outdoor settings.

The most sought after Jikin is the one that follows the 12-point rule in colouration. It means they have an all-white body with bright red coloration on two pectoral fins, two anal fins, two ventral fins, two-gill plates, the dorsal fins, caudal fins, and the lips.

Another unique characteristic of Goldfish is the split four-lobe tail, which gives a peacock tail kind of effect.

You can choose good quality goldfish pellets or flakes for feed and add live or frozen food to their diet, such as brine shrimp.

 

Common Name Jikin or Peacock Goldfish
Scientific Name Carassius Auratus
Family Cyprinidae
Average Size 8 to 10 inches at maturity
Average Lifespan 8 to 12 years
Behaviour Active, social, non-aggressive
Habitat Ponds or aquariums
Minimum Tank Capacity 20 to 30 gallons for adults
Feeding Habits High quality goldfish pellets or flakes, live or frozen food
Tank mates Gets along well with Comets, Shubunkins, Fantails or Orandas.
Ideal Water Temperature 65°F to 78°F
pH Level 6.0 to 8.0

 

Conclusion

To sum up, there are over 150 different types of Goldfish, and there is one that is just right for you. However, before you go out and get one do a little research on the care and maintenance of the type you wish to bring home.

Each Goldfish has its parameters, and when adhered to correctly, it will live a long and healthy life.